Income and expenditure patterns of urban Indian households in Pietermaritzburg, 1985

by J. H. Martins

Publisher: Bureau of Market Research, University of South Africa in Pretoria

Written in English
Published: Pages: 126 Downloads: 347
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  • South Africa,
  • Pietermaritzburg


  • Cost and standard of living -- South Africa -- Pietermaritzburg -- Statistics.,
  • East Indians -- South Africa -- Pietermaritzburg -- Economic conditions -- Statistics.,
  • Households -- South Africa -- Pietermaritzburg -- Statistics.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Statementby J.H. Martins.
SeriesResearch report =, Navorsingsverslag ;, no 130.5, Research report (University of South Africa. Bureau of Market Research) ;, no. 130.5.
LC ClassificationsHC517.S7 S48 no. 130, pt. 5, HD7064.4.Z8P54 S48 no. 130, pt. 5
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 126 p. :
Number of Pages126
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2444710M
ISBN 100908408609
LC Control Number87140863

  The survey showed that income from work done constituted 74% of total income. Other forms of income included social grants. There had been an overall increase in per capita income since the Income and Expenditure Survey (IES). Expenditure on Housing, Transport and Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages constituted 60% of total expenditure. Urban and peri-urban agriculture is a strategy that can be adapted by low income households in Orange Farm to meet their food and nutritional requirements. The practice is a basis upon which poor families can enhance their incomes by producing part of their food needs, hence saving money for use on other livelihood obligations. This dissertation. and urban household savings behaviour in South Africa, using household data from the Income and Expenditure Survey (IES) for the period / The dynamic linear saving functions originating from the Absolute Income and Permanent Income Hypotheses were estimated separately for the different household types using the.   The LCS found that in , the average South African household consisted of 3 to 4 persons, with an average annual income and consumption expenditure .

The consecutive Household Income Expenditure Surveys (HIES) undertaken in /86, /94,/03 and /10indicate that the portion of the population living below the poverty line were 59%, 47%, 30% and 20% Size: KB. The life-style of people in urban cities is different from that of their counterparts in rural areas and this also influences to a considerable extent, their food consumption patterns. Most urban low income house-holds in Nigeria are plagued with inadequate animal protein intake due to lack of money to buy them [13], low level of income [14].   With rapid urbanization and the socio-economic transformation, cultivated land protection has gradually become a major concern in China. The economic compensation plays a crucial role in promoting cultivated land protection and improving the utilization ratio of cultivated land. Farmer household’s satisfaction has a great influence on the effectiveness of by: Eastern Cape’s population increased from 6,6 million people in to 7 million in , making it the third most populous province in the country, behind Gauteng (13,4 million) and KwaZulu-Natal (11,1 million). The number of households in the province has also increased to 1,8 million in , from 1,7 million in The read more».

  The main objective of this research was to identify factors that affect participation of households in “Iqub”in Arba Minch town Wuha Minch Kebele. To reach the aim, the data have been collected largely through questionnaire from 85 households selected by simple random sample out of total population during the time of study : Getasew Kegne Wondim. Homing in on the Core: Households Incomes, Income Sources and Geography in South Africa Sten Dieden University of Gothenburg @ Development Pol icy Re search Unit December Working Pa per 04/90 ISBN X.   Urban and rural Indian households by occupancy type Number of scheduled caste beggars and vagrants in rural India by state Regions with . Average income and consumption expenditures of occupation groups 35 Average Income and Consumption Expenditure of Income Groups 38 Size of the Household and Consumption expenditure 40 Conclusion 41 Chapter – IV Per-capita Expenditure in Rural Household in Odisha on DifferentAuthor: Hemanta Kumar Pradhan.

Income and expenditure patterns of urban Indian households in Pietermaritzburg, 1985 by J. H. Martins Download PDF EPUB FB2

Engel, proportion of expenditure spent on food is inversely related to total income [3, 4]. The level of household income is often a major determinant of expenditure patterns of households, and hence differences between patterns of expenditure are largely a reflection of differences in income between household groups or individual.

About 35% of the Indian population is underweight, while the prevalence of overweight/obesity is estimated to be of 13% for women and 10% for men. Food expenditure is directly associated with the levels of income in both rural and urban areas and households reduce their food expenditures by % for every 1% increase in food prices.

In Delhi in Cited by: 2. Design/methodology/approach Using Household Income and Expenditure Survey /, and / data, this study explores the relationship between food consumption patterns and the. Income and expenditure patterns of non-white urban households: Pretoria survey (single Bantu households) (University of South Africa.

Bureau of Market Research. Research report no. 27, pt. 14) [Nel, P. A] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Income and expenditure patterns of non-white urban households: Pretoria survey (single Bantu households) (University of South : P. A Nel.

from other sources. Non-agricultural sources are the main sources of income for many households in the rural areas in Kerala.

This chapter analyses the socio-economic characteristics, sources of income and the income and consumption expenditure pattern of the File Size: 1MB. Based on the simulated update of the Income and Expenditure Survey data, the average structure of households’ expenditures (the democratic weighting) is illustrated for the ten expenditure deciles7 and overall in Figure The differing expenditure patterns Income and expenditure patterns of urban Indian households in Pietermaritzburg to income, as proxied by expenditure decile, are clear.

Poor households. Sethi, Narayan and Pradhan, Hemanta, Patterns of Consumption Expenditure in Rural Households of Western Odisha of India: An Engel Ratio Analysis (November 8, ). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 05, No. 04, Income and expenditure patterns of urban Indian households in Pietermaritzburg.Author: Narayan Sethi, Hemanta Kumar Pradhan.

The /94 Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) is the first module of the National Household Survey Programme endorsed by the Government ina follow-up of the Population and Housing Census and represents one more step in providing useful statistics for charting and assessing the socio-economic development of the Namibian society.

The Household Income Expenditure Survey (HIES) was the fourth survey conducted. The first survey conducted was on income of households, the Rural Income Distribution Survey (RIDS) in / RIDS focused on rural households income, and was extended to all regions i.e.

cities/towns, and urban villages. Research on income distribution in South Africa has, for obvious reasons, focused on inter-racial (inter-group) income distribution.

Quite dramatic changes have occurred in inter-racial income distribution patterns since the s, with the black share of income rising for the first time and at times exceeding the rise in their population share.

The Patterns of Consumption Expenditure in Rural Households of Western Odisha of India: An Engel Ratio Analysis Article (PDF Available) November with 6, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

P - Income and expenditure of households (IES): KwaZulu-Natal. The information furnished in this statistical release is obtained from a comprehensive survey on the income and expenditure of households in South Africa in order to determine the weights for the CPI.

Conversely, the majority of black African households (60%) are spending under R2, a month, compared to just 6% of white households, 32% of. urban households in China Price and Income and Expenditure Survey Statistical Yearbook () [Unknown] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Introduction. Agriculture declines as a share of aggregate output with overall growth in GDP per capita as countries undergo the structural transformation that accompanies economic development (Chenery and Syrquin, ).In rural areas of developing countries, the decline in the relative importance of agriculture and the expansion of rural non-farm activities are likely features of the Cited by: The household monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE) in urban areas is an average of Rs 2, for urban India while the figure is Rs.

1, in rural : Ankita Bose. an overview of the differences and similarities in the spending patterns of rural and urban households. _____ 1 Rural households also have lower incomes. These household expenditures represent 96 percent of rural household income and 95 percent of urban household income.

RURAL AND URBAN HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE PATTERNS FOR Jeff Marshall and. income expenditure patterns of black pensioners in rural areas and an urban area of the Free State province. source of income of entire households, as a result of wide­ expenditure % % % urban areas. Southern African Journal of Gerontology (), 9(2)Cited by: 3.

proportionate increase in income. Expenditure on administration was the largest contributor to the level of government spending. However, insocial services (), the more sophisticated an economy becomes, the greater the demand the speed with which the government adjusts its expenditure patterns in response to the.

How Statistical Data are Produced——Income and Expenditure Survey of Urban and Rural Residents 国家统计局 Print E-Mail Large Medium Small. Published survey reports: Household income and expenditure survey, 12/95 Published methodological information: Household income and expenditure survey, 12/95 Additional statistics (or special tables on request) are available for public use, free of charge.

Separate tables are published for households with wages/salaries as main source of income. The study analyzed the urban household demand for poultry products in Oyo state, Nigeria.

Data were drawn from two local governments on households with the aid of well-structured questionnaire in These were subsequently analyzed using the Almost. Results: Of the total individuals from the households included, % () were men and (%) were women.

A total of visits to health care facilities were recorded from (%) households, of which (%) were for acute illness and 68 (%) for follow up of chronic diseases and 10 (%) for hospitalization. On the other hand, median incomes for urban households in the South and West were higher. Rural households in the South had a median household income of $46, compared to $50, for those living in urban areas.

For households in the West, rural median household income was $56, lower than the $58, median for urban households. urban-rural income gap will be totally overstated by %. For these reasons, China's urban-rural income gap will be times insmaller than the official data times. - This paper also develops a mathematical model to adjust the deviation.

Key words: urban-rural income gap, rural labor migration, urban and rural household survey,File Size: KB. annual crop income, the Copperbelt province provides a unique opportunity to test the impact of livestock. In addition, several studies have documented that income earned by women tends to be used to improve household welfare, compared to income earned by males.

This thesis provides a unique analysis of the impact of livestock income on. Estimation of Rural and Urban Income Introduction The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) has been compiling estimates of Rural and Urban income of the Indian economy along with the exercises for revising base year of National Accounts Statistics (NAS) series, since the series.

These estimates have so far been compiled for the yearsFile Size: KB. Bangladesh, both an agrarian and a very densely populated country, shows a chronical food deficit.

The average food-grain import almost equals the quantity of grain required for its total urban population. The country's population grows faster than food production increases. The urban population is growing even faster. It also has a) comparatively higher average per capita income, b) stronger Cited by: 4.

PATTERNS OF FOOD CONSUMPTION AND EXPENDITURE AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN THE LIMPOPO PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA CHRISTINE JOYCE ADONG Promoter: Prof. Marijke D’Haese Tutor: Drs. Lotte Staelens Master’s dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Nutrition and Rural Development.

Per Capita Annual Income of Urban and Rural Households and the Related Index Year Per Capital Annual Net Income of.

Rural Households (yuan)Per Capital Annual Disposable Income of. Household Economy Analysis. Household Economy Analysis (HEA) is a unique livelihoods-based framework designed to provide a clear and accurate representation of the inside workings of household livelihoods systems at different levels of a wealth continuum, and the connections between these livelihoods and the wider economy.1 Transforming South Africa’s low-income housing projects through backyard dwellings: Intersections with households and the State in Alexandra, Johannesburg Yasmin Shapurjee1* Sarah Charlton2 ABSTRACT South Africa’s ‘housing programme’ transfers a fully-funded serviced site and house to qualifying beneficiaries with aims of progressively addressing poverty.).Indeed, even if the urban shelter crisis is a global phenomenon, the problem is very critical in towns and cities of the global south compared to cities of the global north.

In sub-Saharan African countries, a vast majority of low and middle income urban households do not have formal access.